Monday, October 1, 2012

df –h mismatch size in linux


df –h mismatch size in linux


while I was running df to check the disk space I found that there is huge different in free size.
# df -h /dev/sda2
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda2              90G   79G  7.3G  92% /

I noticed that there was a huge gap between the total space (79 used + 7.3 available = 88.3) and the actual size of the file system. According to me this was due to the reserved block count, which is set to five percent by default in ext2 and ext3 file systems—clearly a legacy from a time where disks were smaller.

# dumpe2fs /dev/sda2|grep -i 'reserved block count'
dumpe2fs 1.40.8 (13-Mar-2008)
Reserved block count:     1196559

# dumpe2fs /dev/sda2|grep 'Block count'
dumpe2fs 1.40.8 (13-Mar-2008)
Block count:              23931180

# echo 'scale = 2; 1196559 / 23931180'|bc
.05

I changed the reserved block count with tune2fs:
# tune2fs -m 1 /dev/sda2
tune2fs 1.40.8 (13-Mar-2008)
Setting reserved blocks percentage to 1% (239311 blocks)
# dumpe2fs /dev/sda2|grep -i 'reserved block count'
dumpe2fs 1.40.8 (13-Mar-2008)
Reserved block count:     239311

# df -h /dev/sda2
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda2              90G   79G   11G  88% /

Now, the reserved blocks take up roughly 934 MiB; I’ve freed 3.7 GiB with this little file system tweak. 

 use at your own risk :)

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